The ZCR environmental zone of Paris (City of Paris)
On 01.09.2015, the first ZCR (Zone à Circulation Restreinte) environmental zone was already introduced in Paris. At first, only buses and trucks registered before 01.10.2001 were banned from entering the zone. Since 01.07.2016, the Crit’Air Vignette is mandatory, so now cars and N1 light utility vehicles registered before 01.01.1997 are banned from entering the ZCR environmental zone of Paris.
On 25.06.2019, the Prefecture and the City Council of Paris signed the order N°2019 P15655, in which it was decided the tightening of the driving bans on the basis of the Crit’Air Vignette from 01.07.2019 and for a trial period of 3 years. From that date on, only vehicles with a Crit’Air Vignette E, 1, 2 and 3 are allowed to drive. Driving bans are applied from Monday to Friday from 8 am to 8 pm. For trucks and buses, the ban also applies on weekends and public holidays from 8 am to 8 pm. The environmental zone is marked with traffic signs.
Since 01.07.2019, more stringent rules have entered into force and the Crit’Air badge 4 is finally excluded from traffic in the city of Paris.
The capital of France is a city as well as one of the 8 departments of the Île-de-France region. Paris counts over 2,206,000 inhabitants on an area of approximately 105 km².
Traffic in the capital is often dense and the circulation is difficult. With 270,000 vehicles circulating every day, the “Boulevard Périphérique” ring road is the busiest urban highway in Europe. In this context, it is clear that 90% of Paris residents are affected by heavily polluted air. In order to improve the air quality and, therefore, the quality of life of the inhabitants, the local authorities have decided to focus more on the impact of traffic on the environment in the future. For this reason, the ZCR environmental zone of Paris, driving bans and the Crit’Air Vignette were introduced.
From January 2021, the same rules will apply in the city of Paris as within the A86 ring road in the ZFE environmental zone of Grand Paris. Once this has occurred, it appears that additional surveillance by automated camera systems is planned within and at the borders of the Paris metropolitan area. In the next few years, more severe restrictions will be imposed in order to enter Paris. The Crit’Air badge 3 will be banned from traffic in July 2022 and the Crit’Air badge 2 in January 2024.
Any violation of the badge requirement or traffic restrictions will be punished with a fine from 68 up to 375 euros; if paying directly on site a little less. These fines are based on the articles L.325-1 to L.325-3 and R.411-19 of the French Road Traffic Code.
The borders of the environmental zone of Paris
The ZCR environmental zone of Paris includes the entire area of the French capital within the “Boulevard Périphérique” ring road. This ring road is the border of the environmental zone, but does not belong to the ZRC zone.
The two big parks of Paris (Bois de Boulogne and Bois de Vincennes) are located outside the ZCR zone and, therefore, like all streets outside the ring road, they are not affected by traffic restrictions.
Since 01.07.2019, the inner city ring of Paris, the Boulevard Périphérique, as well as the Bois de Boulogne and the Bois de Vincennes have been affected by the rules of the newly surrounding environmental ZFE zone of Grand Paris. In addition, the city of Paris (ZCR Paris) is located within the ZPA zone of Paris. For this reason, temporary driving bans can be enforced at any time and the Crit’Air badge 3 can be excluded from traffic.
Table overview of the environmental zone
Which are the characteristics of ZCR, ZFE, ZPA and ZPAd zones in France?
The website LEZ-france.fr shows which different LEZ (Low-Emission-Zone) apply in France. What are ZCR, ZFE, ZPA and ZPAd environmental zones in France and for which vehicle types do they apply at which times of day and night?
All information about the different types of LEZ in France can be found under the menu option French Environmental Zones.
An overview of the current status of access rights to all European environmental zones is available in our free Green-Zones app.